What if someone told you that long ago the North Pole had no ice during the summertime? What would you say to that person? Would you call them crazy or would you investigate further? According to and International team of Geo-scientists from Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, the North Pole once had no ice in the summertime.
The North Pole, which is one of the strangest places on Earth to this day and vastly still unknown, has secrets within its sediment. Inside of the sediment lies the possibilities that life could have once existed there. Examining the research that until extremely recently was unknown, provides the world with a few key points: one, Global Warming is a man made hoax; two climate change has been going on way before the industrial revolution, and three the possibility of a hollow earth just became a very plausible reality.
The argument regarding global warming and climate change is that mankind is causing this distress on the Earth when in reality it is just the Earth itself that changes. Further proving the fact that the United Nation’s 2030 Agenda is about nothing more than total control of this planet, because once they control the climate, they control everything.
The argument regarding the hollow Earth theory is that the poles of the Earth are inaccessible because of the harsh conditions. However, what this proves is, at least for the North Pole at some point in time the poles were not inhabitable, they were mildly warm during the summer time. The possibility that there could be a document or some piece of history proving Hitlers fascination of the Poles is great, and furthermore, that information could have easily been passed down to the governments of the world today.
The research; intricate, unique samples extracted during a Polarstern expedition in 2014. Now has led geo-scientists to believe that the North Pole millions of years ago was not frozen all year long. In fact, in the summers, the ice was not there.
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The Arctic sea ice is a very critical and sensitive component in the global climate system. It is therefore important to better understand the processes controlling present and past changes in sea ice. In this context, one of our expedition’s aims was to recover long sediment cores from the central Arctic, that can be used to reconstruct the history of the ocean’s sea ice cover throughout the past 50 million years. Until recently, only a very few cores representing such old sediments were available, and, thus, our knowledge of the Arctic climate and sea ice cover several millions of year ago is still very limited,” Prof. Dr. Rüdiger Stein, AWI geologist, expedition leader and lead author of the study, explains.
The scientists found an ideal place for recovering the sediment cores on the western slope of the Lomonosov Ridge, a large undersea mountain range in the central Arctic. “This slope must have experienced gigantic recurring landslides in the past, which resulted in the exhumation of more than 500-metre thick ancient sediment and rock formations. We were also surprised about the wide-spread occurrence of these slide scars, which extend over a length of more than 300 kilometres, almost from the North Pole to the southern end of the ridge on the Siberian side,” Rüdiger Stein explains.
Sediment core emerges as a unique climate archive
Within a two-days coring action, he and his team took 18 sediment cores from this narrow area on Lomonosov Ridge on board the Polarstern research vessel. Although the recovered sediment cores were only four to eight metres long, one of them turned out to be precisely one of those climate archives that the scientists had been looking for a long time. “With the help of certain microfossils, so-called dinoflagellates, we were able to unambiguously establish that the lower part of this core consists of approximately six to eight million-year-old sediments, thereby tracing its geological history back to the late Miocene. With the help of so-called ‘climate indicators or proxies’, this gave us the unique opportunity to reconstruct the climate conditions in the central Arctic Ocean for a time period for which only very vague and contradictory information was available,” says Rüdiger Stein.
Some scientists were of the opinion that the central Arctic Ocean was already covered with dense sea ice all year round six to ten million years ago – roughly to the same extent as today. The new research findings contradict this assumption. “Our data clearly indicate that six to ten million years ago, the North Pole and the entire central Arctic Ocean must in fact have been ice-free in the summer,” says Rüdiger Stein.
Biomarkers preserved in the sea floor allow insight into the climate’s past
This statement is based on studies of organic compounds (so-called biomarkers) that were produced by certain organisms that lived in the Arctic Ocean at that time and that have been preserved in the sediment deposits. The researchers were able to extract two of such marker groups from the sediments:
“The first group of biomarkers is derived from carbonaceous algae that live in surface water, i.e. they need open water and, being plants, depend on light. Since in the central Arctic Ocean sunlight is only available during the spring and summer months and is pitch-dark at all other times, the data derived from these carbonaceous algae provide us with information about the surface water conditions during the summer period,” says Rüdiger Stein.
Furthermore, these carbonaceous algae produce different biomarker compounds depending on the water temperature. “These molecules allowed us to estimate that the surface water temperature of the Arctic Ocean was approximately 4 to 9 degrees Celsius in the late Miocene. Because these values are well above zero, this is a clear indication that ice-free conditions existed in the summer,” says the scientist.
However, as the second group of biomarkers shows, the Arctic Ocean was not ice-free all year round. It is formed by specific diatoms that live in the Arctic sea ice. Rüdiger Stein: “By combining our data records on surface water temperature and on sea ice, we are now able to prove for the first time that six to ten million years ago, the central Arctic Ocean was ice-free in the summer. In the spring and the preceding winter, on the other hand, the ocean was covered by sea ice. The seasonal ice cover around the North Pole must have been similar to that in the Arctic marginal seas today.”
Much of this Earth remains a mystery. As for what is real history and what is manufactured to further the evolution agenda, that is the point of deception. This point is where science drops off, and we must remain vigilant in regards to uncovering the hidden truth.
Ruediger Stein, Kirsten Fahl, Michael Schreck, Gregor Knorr, Frank Niessen, Matthias Forwick, Catalina Gebhardt, Laura Jensen, Michael Kaminski, Achim Kopf, Jens Matthiessen, Wilfried Jokat, and Gerrit Lohmann. “Evidence for ice-free summers in the late Miocene central Arctic Ocean.” Nature Communications. 7.11148 (2016): . . http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2016/160404/ncomms11148/full/ncomms11148.html